List of companies from Croatia


INA-Industrija nafte, d.d. (INA, d.d.) is a medium-sized European oil company. INA Group has leading role in Croatian oil business and a strong position in the region in the oil and gas exploration and production, oil processing, and oil and oil products distribution activities. INA, d.d. is a stock company with the Hungarian MOL Group and the Croatian Government as its biggest shareholders, while a minority of shares is owned by private and institutional investors. INA shares have been listed at the London and Zagreb stock exchanges since December 1, 2006. INA Group is composed of several affiliated companies wholly or partially owned by INA, d.d.. The Group has its headquarters in Zagreb, Croatia.

  1. Konzum

Konzum d.d. is Croatia’s largest supermarket chain, with just over 700 stores open in Croatia and more than 12,000 employees. There are also Konzum stores in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia. Konzum serves over 650,000 customers each day. With its headquarters in Zagreb, it is part of the Agrokor company.

In July 2005 Konzum also founded a chain of drugstores, known as KOZMO. This chain, which by then had 42 stores with 242 employees, was sold to the Nexus ALPHA fund on 31 December 2009.

  1. Hrvatska elektroprivreda

Hrvatska elektroprivreda (HEP Group) is a national power company in Croatia which has been engaged in electricity production, transmission and distribution for more than one century, and with heat supply and gas distribution for the past few decades. HEP Group is organized in the form of a holding company with a number of daughter companies.

  1. Zagrebačka banka

Zagrebačka banka or ZABA is the largest bank in Croatia, owned by UniCredit group of Italy. It was the first Croatian bank to become fully privatised in 1989 and the first one to be listed at the Zagreb Stock Exchange in 1995. It is one of 24 companies included in the CROBEX share index. In March 2002, ZABA was acquired by the UniCredit Group of Italy. As the country’s largest bank, its assets account for 25 percent of total assets in the Croatian banking sector, and its services are used by 80,000 businesses and 1.1 million citizens.


Hrvatski Telekom is the leading provider of telecommunications services in Croatia, serving 924,000 fixed lines, 2.2 million mobile subscribers and 618,000 broadband connections through its Residential and Business divisions.

In the course of 2002 HT-mobilne komunikacije d.o.o. (later T-Mobile Croatia d.o.o.) was registered as a separate company, a subsidiary fully owned by Hrvatske telekomunikacije d.d.., for the purpose of providing mobile telephone network services.

In 2004 HT Group introduced a new corporate identity. The change of identity at the corporate level was followed by the creation of trade marks of the two separate Group segments, T-Com and T-Mobile. Through the merger of the companies T-Mobile Hrvatska d.o.o. and Hrvatski Telekom d.d., T-Com and T-Mobile operations were integrated into one, fully customer oriented organization in 2010.




List of companies of the Czech Republic

1. Škoda Auto

Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement. It is headquartered in Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic.

In 1925 Laurin & Klement was acquired by Škoda Works which itself became state owned during the days of the Communist government. After 1991 it was gradually privatized and in 2000 Škoda became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group.

Škoda has maintained sound financial stability over recent years. In 2013 the brand achieved sales revenues totalling €10.3 billion (2012: €10.4 billion). Due to the weak economic situation in many European countries and the expansion of the model range, operating profit reached a modest 522 million euros (2012: €712 million). Škoda achieved a successful start to 2014: As well as recording the highest number of deliveries to customers in a first quarter ever (247,200; up 12.1%), it recorded a significant increase in sales revenue (23.7%) to almost 3 billion euros. Operating profit increased 65.2% to 185 million Euros over the previous year.

  1. ČEZ Group

ČEZ Group (CzechSkupina ČEZ České Energetické Závody) is a conglomerate of 96 companies (including the parent company ČEZ, a.s.), 72 of them in the Czech Republic. Its core business is the generation, distribution, trade in, and sales of electricity and heat, trade in and sales of natural gas, and coal extraction. ČEZ Group operates also in BulgariaGermanyHungaryPolandRomaniaSlovakia and Turkey. ČEZ, a.s. is listed on Prague Stock Exchange and Warsaw Stock Exchange. ČEZ is the largest utility and biggest public company in Central and Eastern Europe. Its majority shareholder is the Czech government, owning 70% of shares. Its historical political activities have come under scrutiny.

In January 2013 Albania started a dispute by removing CEZ license to operate in Albania. In June 2014 both parties agreed to settle a dispute. Albania will pay CEZ 100 million euros by 2018 in yearly installments, an amount roughly equal to CEZ’s initial investment.

  1. Agrofert

Agrofert is an Czech conglomerate holding company headquartered in PragueCzech Republic. It operates through agriculturefoodchemicalconstructionlogisticsforestryenergy and mass media industries in the European Union and China. It was founded in 1993 by businessman Andrej Babiš, he was its sole owner until 2017. In 2010s he started to be involved in politic, became Finance Minister of the Czech Republic in 2014.[5] In 2017 by new conflict of interest legislation he was forced to transfer ownership of company to trust funds controlled by his family and co-workers.

  1. RWE Supply & Trading CZ

RWE Supply & Trading CZ is the largest natural gas trading company in the Czech Republic. It is owned by the German energy company RWE.

The group used to own pipelines from Lanžhot on Czech-Slovak border to Germany. Its market position deteriorated in 1997 when competing Yamal-Europe pipelinewas put into operation. Another threat was the Nord Stream linking Russia and Germany via Baltic sea. Its past subsidiaries include RWE Gas Storage (owns and operates several underground storages located in the Czech Republic).

  1. Třinec Iron and Steel Works

Třinec Iron and Steel Works (TŽ) (CzechTřinecké železárnyPolishHuta trzyniecka) is a producer of long rolled steel products in TřinecMoravian-Silesian RegionCzech Republic. TŽ produces over a third of all steel produced in the Czech Republic (roughly 2.5 million tons annually). Since its establishment, Třinecké železárny’s plants have produced more than 150 million tons of crude steel. Moravia Steel is the major shareholder of TŽ, the biggest Czech steel company controlled by domestic capital.




Guide to Working in Croatia

If you are thinking about working in Europe we highly recommend Croatia as a potential destination. Recruitment for the summer season usually starts early, companies want to get staff in place well before summer starts and so it is essential to apply early to give , so why not join us for a couple of weeks and travel amongst the beautiful islands of Croatia photographing some of the best ships, clubs, beaches and parties.

Popular Places to Work 

  • Croatian Islands
  • Dubrovnik
  • Split
  • Zagreb
  • Rijeka
  • Osijek
  • Zadar

Summer & Holiday Jobs in Croatia

So you want to do more than just your average holiday? Apply to work a summer season in Croatia. Companies usually hire staff from between April to October but there are also positions available throughout the year. Lots of international and local holiday companies offer seasonal jobs in Croatia including:

Language Requirements

For most positions, especially in hotels, hospitality, tourism and travel you will not need any Croatian language skills. Some companies say knowing the basics of the local language is desirable rarther than essential but we recommend buying a phrase book or search language lessons once in the country to boost your employment prospects.


What you get paid really depends on the company, position and your experience. Sometimes salaries are negotiable and dependent on experience. Some holiday companies offer competative salaries of around £1000 per month which includes accommodation, some meals and also commission. When working for local companies you will usually be paid in the local currency – Kuna. For international coompanies this can vary.

Work Opportunities in the Czech Republic

Expats: Globalizing the Czech Republic

The country’s thriving tourism sector provides many opportunities to work in the Czech Republic. As many leisure activities are aimed at tourists, jobs in this field are often suitable for foreign workers that speak languages other than Czech. As English is the international language of business and Germany is the Czech Republic’s main trading partner, native speakers of English and German are in high demand.

If you have the right qualifications, you may be able to find a teaching job in a private language school or for a big international company. A university degree and/or a teaching certificate (such as TEFL) plus some teaching experience are generally required. You can contact the cultural representation of your country in the Czech Republic (e.g. the British Council or the Goethe Institut) for job openings and more information.

The Big Players in the Czech Republic

There are major international companies operating in all fields in the Czech Republic. Multinational corporations are your best bet for finding work, as they usually have plenty of experience hiring foreign personnel. Exxon Mobil, Mondelēz International (formerly Kraft Foods), and Tesco, for example, are just some of the global corporations with a major presence in the country.

There are, of course, also homegrown companies which are big players on the international market, e.g. ČEZ, Agrofert, Agropol, Zentiva, Bata, Škoda, Budvar, and Pilsner Urquell. The worldwide business directory Kompass is a good place to find local companies. Alternatively, you can contact your country’s Chamber of Commerce in the Czech Republic.

Finding a Job in the Czech Republic

As mentioned above, your best chance of finding employment in the Czech Republic is with multinational companies. If you have no luck searching for job openings on their websites or by contacting them directly, you could try the traditional approach of applying via recruitment agencies or international recruitment websites. If you understand Czech, you could also use one of the many Czech recruitment websites. Please see our article on working in Prague for a list of national and international job websites.

Companies in the Czech Republic who require highly skilled staff and struggle to fill certain positions often also advertise their vacancies in the register of jobs available for employee cards or for blue cards. Please see our article on moving to the Czech Republic for more information on this topic.

Entrepreneurial Opportunities

If you’re looking for business opportunities in the Czech Republic, the following areas may be of interest to you:

  • Science and innovation: This covers various sectors, including biotechnology (priority growth area), nanotechnology, education and training (increasing demand as companies invest in HR), and advanced engineering.
  • Healthcare: There is demand not only for medical equipment and healthcare management services, but also for lifestyle products.
  • Food and drink: With increasing globalization comes a higher demand for a more international cuisine and catering for special groups (e.g. vegan food).
  • Consumer goods: There’s a growing demand for imported fashion items, furniture, and accessories.

Working Conditions in the Czech Republic

Employment in the Czech Republic is regulated by extensive labor laws. The Labor Code stipulates, among other things, that any employment must be regulated by a written employment contract detailing the nature of the work and other important details such as working hours, the length of the probation period, annual leave, minimum wage, etc.

By law, the probation period cannot exceed three months (or six months for managerial positions). Every employee is entitled to four weeks of paid annual leave, with one supplementary week being standard in well-established companies. Average working hours for full-time employees are around 41.7 hours per week, just over the OECD average.

Employment situation in Romania

The labor factor

The general condition of any activity – is ensured, like other factors of production, through the market.The labor market is also based on meeting and confronting demand with the offer.It works in every country, on different groups of countries and on the world scale.

Any activity that initiates or exists in society generates the need for work. This is the total amount of work required for activities in a country over a given period. But it is not entirely a demand that expresses itself on the labor market. The general condition for the need for work to take the form of labor demand is its remuneration, its salary. That is why, the demand for work does not include activities that can be done by housewives, term wizards, students, other non-salaried people.

Demand for work

Is the need for wage labor that is formed at a time in a market economy.

Demand to express through the number of jobs.

Satisfaction with the need for work is done on the basis of the use of the available labor availability in the society, ie the volume of labor that can be earned by the working population of that country in the given period. And in this case, we must keep in mind that not all job vacancies constitute the offer, but only those to be remunerated, paid.

The job offer

Consists of the work that the members of the company can make in wage conditions. Therefore, the job offer does not include domestic women, students, term soldiers and other non-salaried people.

Methodology of calculating labor resources

The work resources existing at one time in the society express the number of people capable of work, that is, that part of the population that possesses all the physical and intellectual capacities that allow them to carry out a useful activity.

Measuring the degree of vacancy of the workforce

One of the main objectives of economic policy in any country is to ensure full employment. The issue of employment is one of the important concerns of the macroeconomic analysis. In the case of macroeconomic analysis through full employment, there is a situation where the unemployment rate has a certain acceptable level (about 4% is considered the natural rate of unemployment). Therefore, it is considered more appropriate to have the term of high employment in place of the full occupation (total).

In national and international statistics, there are several indicators on the number of unemployed and the unemployment rate.

Regarding the number of unemployed, the most used indicators are:

The number of unemployed in the sense of ILO – the International Labor Office – (or the standard definition of unemployment) is made up of all persons aged 14 and over who, during the reference period, simultaneously fulfill the following conditions:

  • not working, not having a job
  • It is possible to start work immediately
  • I am looking for a place to work
  • As a consequence, unemployed people are considered:
  • dismissed persons
  • people looking for the first job (graduates of secondary, vocational, university)
  • people (usually women) who, after a voluntary interruption of their activity, request their resumption
  • Part-time, temporary or seasonal employees looking for a full-time job
  • people who have lost or renounced their previous status (self-employed, patron, unpaid family worker) and are looking for the first time job seeker

The employment rate reached 66% in 2015, below the EU average of 70%

The employment rate of the Romanian population aged between 20 and 64 reached 66% in 2015, slightly increasing compared to 2014 (when it was 65.7%), but still far from the average record. The level of the European Union states, of 70.1% in 2015, shows data published yesterday by Eurostat.

The distribution of employment by sex shows that men in the 20-64 age group registered a higher employment rate of 74.7%, while the employment rate among women in Romania was 57.2% last year. Although this indicator has increased in recent years, Romania needs to increase its employment rate for the population in this age category by another 4 percentage points over the next five years, given that 70% is the target set for Romania in the Europe 2020 strategy. Instead, countries such as Germany, Estonia, Lithuania or Sweden have already reached their target of employment by 2020. Thus, in Germany the employment rate reached 78%, in Estonia 76.5% in Lithuania 73.4%, and in Sweden it reached 80.5% (this being the highest level among EU countries).

The opposite is the situation in countries like Greece (where the employment rate is 54.9%), Croatia and Italy (with a 60.5% employment rate) and Spain (62%).

The employment rate is the share of the employed population (all persons who paid work during the survey) in the age group 20 and 64 in the total population of the same age group (20-64).