Higher Education in Romania has a worldwide reputation as a centre of excellence in learning, teaching and practice. Romanian Universities and Colleges have been receiving thousands of students from all over the world, especially from other developing countries. Today almost every Romanian university has established partnerships other prestigious universities all over the world. Modern Romania offers state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge research opportunities for international students.
Romania is the birthplace of many influential thinkers and artists that have shaped European thought and culture. Mircea Eliade, Eugen Ionesco, Emil Cioran, Lucian Blaga, Ion Caragiale are just some of the great Romanian thinkers and writers. Romanians also take great pride in their national poet, Mihai Eminescu. The artistic works of Constantin Brancusi have received international acclaim. The music composer George Enescu is another Romanian and international icon. Each year a music festival dedicated in his name takes place in the Romanian capital city, Bucharest. Famous Romanian sports figures include personalities such as Nadia Comaneci, Ilie Nastase or Gheorghe Hagi.
Student information about cities in Romania
Find the best information about what to expect when studying in top cities in Romania. Read about degree course offers, career opportunities, student life, living costs, and more.
In Romania higher education is provided in education and research institutions, universities, institutes, academies, conservatories and university colleges. State higher education comprises 49 state higher education institutions with 324 faculties and other 8 private institutions.
The higher education institutions comprise of several faculties, university colleges, divisions, departments and small pilot units specialised in researches and micro-production. The faculty represents the functional basic unit of the higher education institution and is organised by chairs or by departments. The teaching in a faculty is organised by specialities, years of study, student series and groups. The faculty includes the teaching and research personnel, the students and the auxiliary and administrative personnel.
International students willing to study in Romania can apply either to the Ministry of Education and Research or to the chosen Romanian university, in order to receive the Letter of Acceptance.
The following application papers are required:
The application forms are available at the International Relations Offices of the Ministry of Education and Research or of the Romanian universities, or at the Romanian Embassies abroad.
Universities may have additional specific application requirements. So make sure to international student services for detailed information about the application procedure.
Find more information about admission requirements in Romanian universities.
International student can choose from a variety of study fields:
The Romanian higher education system is organised on three undergraduate and post-graduate levels: first level bachelor studies, second level master studies and third level doctor studies. Higher education in Romania offers a variety of study options: regular studies, part-time courses and Open Distance Learning.
International students may take a supplementary preparatory year for learning the Romanian language or choose a study in a foreign language. Romanian universities offer great choices of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Romanian, English, French and German.
English language preparation for studying in Romania
Develop your academic English language skills in order to meet the English language requirements at Romanian universities offering degree studies for international students. Choose an English language school anywhere in the world and pick your preferred English exam preparation course from diverse language course options.
The academic library network in Romania supports the teaching and research programmes in universities. With the most important documentary base in Romania, about 24 million volumes, this network provides the appropriate means for the academic learning and research process. These libraries, using permanent communication, ensure the national and international exchange of publications. Presently, the library system is undergoing a process of digitization. In just a few years, the entire book patrimony will be transferred on electronic format.
Once you get your letter of acceptance from the Ministry of education, you have to apply for Romanian student visa to your closest Romanian embassy or consulate. Students arriving from the EU countries, the European Economic Area, as well as from Canada, Croatia, Japan, Moldova, South Korea, Switzerland, USA and Serbia do not need a visa to enter Romania.
All other international students are required to apply for a Romanian student visa prior to arrival.
Requirements for Romanian Student long stay visa:
Once you arrive in Romania and completed university enrolment, you have to apply for a residence permit.
INA-Industrija nafte, d.d. (INA, d.d.) is a medium-sized European oil company. INA Group has leading role in Croatian oil business and a strong position in the region in the oil and gas exploration and production, oil processing, and oil and oil products distribution activities. INA, d.d. is a stock company with the Hungarian MOL Group and the Croatian Government as its biggest shareholders, while a minority of shares is owned by private and institutional investors. INA shares have been listed at the London and Zagreb stock exchanges since December 1, 2006. INA Group is composed of several affiliated companies wholly or partially owned by INA, d.d.. The Group has its headquarters in Zagreb, Croatia.
Konzum d.d. is Croatia’s largest supermarket chain, with just over 700 stores open in Croatia and more than 12,000 employees. There are also Konzum stores in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia. Konzum serves over 650,000 customers each day. With its headquarters in Zagreb, it is part of the Agrokor company.
In July 2005 Konzum also founded a chain of drugstores, known as KOZMO. This chain, which by then had 42 stores with 242 employees, was sold to the Nexus ALPHA fund on 31 December 2009.
Hrvatska elektroprivreda (HEP Group) is a national power company in Croatia which has been engaged in electricity production, transmission and distribution for more than one century, and with heat supply and gas distribution for the past few decades. HEP Group is organized in the form of a holding company with a number of daughter companies.
Zagrebačka banka or ZABA is the largest bank in Croatia, owned by UniCredit group of Italy. It was the first Croatian bank to become fully privatised in 1989 and the first one to be listed at the Zagreb Stock Exchange in 1995. It is one of 24 companies included in the CROBEX share index. In March 2002, ZABA was acquired by the UniCredit Group of Italy. As the country’s largest bank, its assets account for 25 percent of total assets in the Croatian banking sector, and its services are used by 80,000 businesses and 1.1 million citizens.
Hrvatski Telekom is the leading provider of telecommunications services in Croatia, serving 924,000 fixed lines, 2.2 million mobile subscribers and 618,000 broadband connections through its Residential and Business divisions.
In the course of 2002 HT-mobilne komunikacije d.o.o. (later T-Mobile Croatia d.o.o.) was registered as a separate company, a subsidiary fully owned by Hrvatske telekomunikacije d.d.., for the purpose of providing mobile telephone network services.
In 2004 HT Group introduced a new corporate identity. The change of identity at the corporate level was followed by the creation of trade marks of the two separate Group segments, T-Com and T-Mobile. Through the merger of the companies T-Mobile Hrvatska d.o.o. and Hrvatski Telekom d.d., T-Com and T-Mobile operations were integrated into one, fully customer oriented organization in 2010.
1. Škoda Auto
Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement. It is headquartered in Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic.
In 1925 Laurin & Klement was acquired by Škoda Works which itself became state owned during the days of the Communist government. After 1991 it was gradually privatized and in 2000 Škoda became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group.
Škoda has maintained sound financial stability over recent years. In 2013 the brand achieved sales revenues totalling €10.3 billion (2012: €10.4 billion). Due to the weak economic situation in many European countries and the expansion of the model range, operating profit reached a modest 522 million euros (2012: €712 million). Škoda achieved a successful start to 2014: As well as recording the highest number of deliveries to customers in a first quarter ever (247,200; up 12.1%), it recorded a significant increase in sales revenue (23.7%) to almost 3 billion euros. Operating profit increased 65.2% to 185 million Euros over the previous year.
ČEZ Group (Czech: Skupina ČEZ České Energetické Závody) is a conglomerate of 96 companies (including the parent company ČEZ, a.s.), 72 of them in the Czech Republic. Its core business is the generation, distribution, trade in, and sales of electricity and heat, trade in and sales of natural gas, and coal extraction. ČEZ Group operates also in Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey. ČEZ, a.s. is listed on Prague Stock Exchange and Warsaw Stock Exchange. ČEZ is the largest utility and biggest public company in Central and Eastern Europe. Its majority shareholder is the Czech government, owning 70% of shares. Its historical political activities have come under scrutiny.
In January 2013 Albania started a dispute by removing CEZ license to operate in Albania. In June 2014 both parties agreed to settle a dispute. Albania will pay CEZ 100 million euros by 2018 in yearly installments, an amount roughly equal to CEZ’s initial investment.
Agrofert is an Czech conglomerate holding company headquartered in Prague, Czech Republic. It operates through agriculture, food, chemical, construction, logistics, forestry, energy and mass media industries in the European Union and China. It was founded in 1993 by businessman Andrej Babiš, he was its sole owner until 2017. In 2010s he started to be involved in politic, became Finance Minister of the Czech Republic in 2014. In 2017 by new conflict of interest legislation he was forced to transfer ownership of company to trust funds controlled by his family and co-workers.
RWE Supply & Trading CZ is the largest natural gas trading company in the Czech Republic. It is owned by the German energy company RWE.
The group used to own pipelines from Lanžhot on Czech-Slovak border to Germany. Its market position deteriorated in 1997 when competing Yamal-Europe pipelinewas put into operation. Another threat was the Nord Stream linking Russia and Germany via Baltic sea. Its past subsidiaries include RWE Gas Storage (owns and operates several underground storages located in the Czech Republic).
Třinec Iron and Steel Works (TŽ) (Czech: Třinecké železárny, Polish: Huta trzyniecka) is a producer of long rolled steel products in Třinec, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. TŽ produces over a third of all steel produced in the Czech Republic (roughly 2.5 million tons annually). Since its establishment, Třinecké železárny’s plants have produced more than 150 million tons of crude steel. Moravia Steel is the major shareholder of TŽ, the biggest Czech steel company controlled by domestic capital.